Learning About Praying Mantis

Care Info: Praying Mantis

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Praying Mantis Ootheca

Getting Started

• Hatching your praying mantises is easy!
• Open up the habitat and lay egg cases on the bottom. Make sure the habitat is zipped tight.
• In warm temperatures (70˚ to 90˚ F), nymphs (young mantises) will wiggle out of their cases in two to eight weeks.
• Spray egg case lightly with tepid water every other day. A plant sprayer with a fine mister works well for this. Don’t let your egg case get too wet. Make sure that it isn’t sitting in a puddle.
• Dozens of tiny nymphs will emerge within a few hours. For the first hour or two, while their soft exoskeletons harden, they are not active.
• If your nymphs don’t emerge after eight weeks, put the egg cases in the refrigerator overnight. Then return them to the habitat and allow them another three weeks.
• Optional: Place a large twig in your habitat, leaning it against the side. Use a needle to insert thread through one side of an egg case and tie the case to the twig. Repeat with the second case. When nymphs emerge, they will suspend themselves from the cases on silken strands and descend to the ground. This is fun to watch and worth the extra trouble.

We Recommend

• Using a clean, plastic or metal spray bottle, spritz your mesh house twice daily with water. The moisture creates an environment similar to spring rains for the ootheca. Keep spraying your mesh house even after the praying mantis have hatched. Each spritz provides drinking water to your new nymphs.
• Line the bottom of your mesh house with paper towels. They absorb any excess water from daily misting and also provide a bright, white background for viewing newly hatched nymphs.

Caring for Fruit Flies

• You will need lots of fruit flies to feed the hungry nymphs.
• You have received two large tubes, one filled with fruit flies (wingless), the other filled with food.
• Keep flies in the first container for a full week.
• At the end of the week, transfer them to your mantis habitat: (1) remove stopper from food container, put in a tablespoon of water (enough to make a paste) and place on its side in the habitat; (2) place the vial of fruit flies on its side in the habitat and remove stopper; (3) quickly zip the habitat closed.
• The fruit fly food will last four weeks. When it runs out, place a slice of apple or banana in the habitat. Replace fruit whenever it dries out.
• If you are concerned that all the flies have died, you probably have eggs that will hatch more (fruit flies have approximately a 48-hour life span). You can also put some sliced apple or banana outside to attract more and put them in the habitat.

Praying Mantis Nymph

Caring for Nymphs

• Within hours after they emerge from the egg case, nymphs will begin eating fruit flies.
• Place a bottle cap full of water in the habitat. Refill frequently.
• Watch carefully. When nymphs run out of flies—or even when they don’t—they will eat each other! This is one way that praying mantises are adapted to their environments. A few survive to reproduce.
• If you let nature take its course, you will soon have about a dozen large, well-fed nymphs in your habitat.
• Now is the time to release these healthy nymphs or begin collecting more insects to feed them.

Release Outdoors

• To release, take the habitat outdoors, unzip it, and gently shake the nymphs onto leafy plants.
• Many gardeners and organic farmers use praying mantises for natural pest control because mantises eat insects that harm plants and crops.
• Optional: Keep several nymphs for two or three weeks. Try to reserve some flies for them. As nymphs grow, they will need larger and larger amounts of food. Buy crickets at your local pet store or catch any insects that you find around the house; moths, caterpillars, flies, large black ants, beetles, termites, crickets, grasshoppers and katydids make good mantis food.
• Mantises respond to the movement of live prey. Dead insects will not attract them.

Simple Science: Praying Mantis

Ready to learn more about your praying mantis? Here are some activities to get you started.


Praying Mantis Anatomy

Simple Science: Praying Mantis Anatomy

Learn all the parts of your praying mantis! You’ll even learn what part is a tegmen. Worksheet and answer key.
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Praying Mantis Fun Facts

Simple Science: Praying Mantis Fun Facts

Did you know that a praying mantis egg case is called an ootheca? Odd, interesting and humorous facts about praying mantis, plus a quiz sheet for testing your new knowledge.
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Praying Mantis Observe & Describe

Simple Science: Praying Mantis Observe & Describe

Students build their observation skills by looking at every detail of the newly emerged nymphs and describing what they see.
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Fun Stuff: Praying Mantis

Have a little fun with your praying mantis knowledge!


Praying Mantis Coloring

Fun Stuff: Praying Mantis Coloring

Get out the crayons, pencils and markers and start coloring this praying mantis looking for food. A sheet just for coloring fun.
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Praying Mantis Word Scramble

Fun Stuff: Praying Mantis Word Scramble

Ready for a real challenge? Cut out letters that make up the words P*R*A*Y*I*N*G*M*A*N*T*I*S. Try to make new words out of the available letters. A great individual project—also fun to do in teams!
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